What is the difference between PHP and Node.js? Part : 2 — Cooding Dessign


PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a broadly useful scripting language that immediately turned into the true worker side language of decision for web designers after its underlying delivery in 1995. Today, a lion’s share of locales on the web run on PHP, to a great extent because of its notoriety as the language of decision for content administration frameworks (CMS) like WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla and various current systems like Laravel, Symfony, and CakePHP that have quickened advancement with this develop language.


JavaScript is a scripting language that normally runs in the program and makes site pages dynamic and intuitive, yet since the time the arrival of Node.js in 2009, it got possible to perform nonconcurrent coding with JavaScript rearward. Node.js is a turn of events and runtime climate with a huge number of accessible systems that sudden spike in demand for top of it.


While both are worker side innovations, there are a couple of contrasts between a PHP back-end and a JavaScript-controlled back-end by means of Node.js.

  • Runtime conditions. While both JavaScript and PHP can be installed straightforwardly into HTML, the two of them need a translator so as to run. PHP has for quite some time been promptly direct to introduce and use on the worker side, and is controlled by the Zend motor. Node.js is a runtime climate for JavaScript on the worker side, controlled by Google’s V8 JavaScript motor.
  • PHP is less difficult. PHP is thoughtfully a lot less complex to use than Node.js. When setting up a worker, all you require is a “.php” record with some code wrapped between the labels, enter the URL into your program, and you’re finished. In the background, a web worker like MySQL with PHP introduced will have the option to decipher the document and show your website page in your program. Setting up a Node.js worker, while not troublesome, ordinarily requires more lines of code, and a fundamental comprehension of how terminations and callback capacities work.
  • Concurrency. PHP, as most worker side dialects, utilizes multi-strung, impeding I/O to do numerous errands in equal. JavaScript is exceptional in that it utilizes a couple of stunts (function circle + Node grouping) to accomplish a function driven, non-obstructing I/O execution model that utilizes a solitary fundamental string of execution. PHP is an experienced language and has discovered its own particular manner to accomplish offbeat preparing-most prominently through the HHVM venture delivered by Facebook.
  • JSON. JSON “JavaScript Object Notation” is a lightweight data plan that gives Node.js an edge while overseeing JSON. While PHP can work with JSON, it’s more situational.

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Why PHP?

PHP is prudent for making elevated level web applications on the grounds that

  1. It has a colossal network. PHP has an accomplished direction in view of the gigantic improvement time. That is the reason you can get any answer for your concern without any problem.
  2. It is a profound code based, implies the greater part of the Content Management Systems (like Joomla, WordPress, Magento, Drupal) are simply PHP based.
  3. PHP is more normal for facilitating suppliers. This is on the grounds that there is no similarity issue to make application live on the worker.
  4. The straightforwardness of the PHP code, it can run as HTML by changing augmentation of it.
  5. No container, preprocessor, no compiler and sending reliance exists.
  6. You can add php anyplace in your code by utilizing tag , that makes PHP more adaptable.

Why not PHP?

Presently, the pattern is going such that the greater part of the Startups are not utilizing PHP as their Tech Stack in light of the fact that,

  1. It is moderately more slow than the serious worker side improvement contenders like Node.
  2. Since it is publicly released, so anybody can get to it. On the off chance that there are bugs in the source code, it very well may be utilized by individuals to investigate the shortcoming of PHP.
  3. It isn’t reasonable for making bigger applications; it is unmistakably appropriate for online business based applications.

Why Node?

A large portion of the Startups are organizing Node over other solid stacks like PHP, or Ruby on Rails, in light of the fact that

  1. Uncommon quicker than PHP in light of the function callback system.
  2. Fundamentally, it has single-strung instrument, yet you can likewise scale Node application on multi-center framework. For more data about scaling, see my other article.
  3. It has partition of concerns, i.e, separate modules for any activity.
  4. Node.JS is famous, new and new.
  5. It utilizes callback structure to pass rationale starting with one call then onto the next.
  6. Less or generally no odds of event of gridlock component.
  7. It can utilize the single just as multi-strung application
  8. Anybody with another stage foundation can hop to Node. It has various systems which can be utilized as a substitute for different structures like Ruby on Rails.

Why not Node?

In spite of the fact that, Node is giving the most ideal arrangement, yet there are consistently different sides of the mirror. Carefully think when making a Node application on the grounds that

  1. Node isn’t appropriate for processor escalated errands.
  2. Any CPU-serious code makes it truly non-adaptable.

When to use PHP or Node.js?

Both are extraordinary worker advancements accessible for use. Choosing which back end worker Node.js or PHP worker relies totally upon the idea of your undertaking.

When to use PHP

Centralized Server

On the off chance that we don’t anticipate scaling our application over various workers we can utilize LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) stack. This may change contingent upon venture necessities and development.


PHP is an exceptionally versatile language. The modest expenses of web facilitating and the accessibility of the workers for PHP is tantamount to none. PHP can run on practically any stage that has Apache, IIS and an upheld information base framework introduced, this makes PHP applications compact and simple to convey. CMS resembles WordPress, Drupal or Joomla make it simpler to make sites and work on pretty much every web have. WordPress powers 30% of the web.

When to use Node.js

Same Language across the Stack

Node.js will be the right decision to utilize if your task includes programming stacks, for example, MEAN stack ( MongoDB, ExpressJs, AngularJs.), dynamic single page applications, worker side advancements and Front end advancements like Angular Js, Backbone.Js or React Js. This makes it easier to have a comparable language (Javascript) over your whole stack. You can likewise utilize Typescript library of Node.js if there should arise an occurrence of an Angular venture to make it simpler for the developers.Mean stack is additionally simpler to scale than LAMP stack over numerous workers.

Realtime Data

Node.js is extraordinary for applications that require ongoing information, anyway I would be suspicious about utilizing Node.js for money related applications as Javascript itself isn’t solid with regards to numbers as everything is whole number or drift and very little detachment is done between the sorts. A more kind safe language is suggested when taking a shot at money related applications that require part of processing or a library that is sufficiently solid.


As I referenced previously, Node.js is quicker than PHP with regards to execution speed, if speed is the thing that you need for your application, for example, a program based multiplayer game or a discussion application, Node.js is a mind boggling choice than PHP.

Originally published at https://www.coodingdessign.com on November 3, 2020.

Hello! I’m Shantun Parmar. Software Developer with over 3 years of experience specializing in Backend development.